[ INTRODUCTION & AIM]
The earthquake-resistant standard of the building of Japan is maintained by a several level. Especially, after the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake(1995), Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism in Japan classified the earthquake-resistant performance for the base facilities after the great earthquake in 3 levels. The hospital manager often selects the middle level of earthquake-resistant. However, 10 hospitals were closed down for the destruction of facilities by the Kumamoto earthquake. Who may evaluate the safety of hospital after a great earthquake? The purpose of this study is to consider the methods to evaluate the safety of hospital buildings just after a great earthquake.
[ METHOD ]
1. The damage of hospitals and the measures based on the Japanese Law are arranged.
2. It is considered who can declare the safety of hospital building after a great earthquake.
[ RESULTS ]
Hospital buildings collapsed in the Hanshin-Awaji Great Earthquake and many hospitals lost a function by a tsunami in the Great East Japan Earthquake. In addition, the glasses and the ceilings of the hospital were damaged in the Kumamoto Earthquake. The damage occurred although these many hospitals had an earthquake-resistant standard established in Building Standard Act of Japan. It is necessary for the experts to judge the safety of the hospital building just after a great earthquake.
[ DISCUSSION ]
The safety of hospital building is responsibility of the hospital manager. However, there is no expert of building structure as the staff employed at a hospital. Thus, it must allow the hospital personnel except the expert of the building structure to advise a manager. In future, it is important that the evaluation methods that can judge the damage of hospital are developed, and the practical training for the hospital personnel are repeated.