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01 - Epitaph: the forest leaves the city?

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Presented at

XXV IUFRO WORLD CONGRESS

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Abstract

Mata da Izidora (Izidora Woods) is threatened because it is susceptible to complex interactions inside and outside its boundaries. In its interior, there are particular rural properties, one quilombola community and three urban occupa- tions. In addition to the internal interactions that influence the local dynamics, the interests of the public power and the real estate sector should also be taken into account. Mata da Izidora is an urban forest located in Belo Hori- zonte, Brazil, the third largest metropolitan region of the country. It is the most extensive remnant of vegetation of this municipality that is not a conservation unit, covering an approximate area of 10,000,000 m2, and a biodiver- sity relative to the transition between the Atlantic Forest and Brazilian Savanna Biomes. The main aim of the study was to “identify possibilities for the survival of urban forest fragments through social appropriations”. In order to achieve this objective, we sought to extensively present the addressed issue through documents, reports, maps, figures, semi-struc- tured interviews and poetry. In this scenario, a prob- lematization of the reality of space and also a dialogue with the literature were carried out with the data ob- tained, in order to analyze the motivations for social coexistence or not with Mata da Izidora. As a result of the possibilities identified, this work recommended the creation of a conservation unit as an alternative to reconcile some of the yearnings for the area, suggesting a Sustainable Development Reserve for the Mata da Izido- ra (corresponding to category VI “Protected area with sustainable use of natural resources” of the IUCN Protected Area Categories System). With the reflections and considerations exposed, this work intends to contribute to the dis- cussions on urban forest fragments and with other possibilities for the coexistence between nature and city.

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