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Mar 13, 2019

27th European Congress of Psychiatry

01 - THE PROTECTIVE EFFECT OF SELF-COMPASSION ON THE IMPACT OF EARLY SHAME AND SAFENESS MEMORIES ON LATER DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS AND SAFE AFFECT

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Early emotional memories

Self-compassion

Mediator effect

Abstract

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Abstract

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Keywords

Early emotional memories

Self-compassion

Mediator effect

Abstract

Introduction: Psychological interventions that aim to promote compassion have gathered support for their effectiveness in the treatment of psychopathology. Compassion focused therapy (CFT), in particular, is a promising treatment for depression, especially for patients presenting high levels shame. CFT works to cultivate compassion competencies and reduce fears of compassion, to promote mental health and positive affect, and alleviate distress. Objective: Although there is empirical support for the association between fears of compassion, early emotional memories and depression, this study aims to explore the role of compassion competencies in these associations. Method: 223 participants recruited from the general population completed self-report questionnaires measuring traumatic qualities and centrality of shame memories, early memories of warmth and safeness, compassion for others, from others and self-compassion, and depressive symptoms and safe affect. Results: Results revealed that shame memories’ traumatic qualities and centrality to identity were positively correlated with depressive symptoms and negatively with safe affect, compassion from others and self-compassion, while early memories of warmth and safeness were negatively correlated with depressive symptoms and positively with safe affect and self-compassion. Self-compassion had the strongest correlations with depressive symptoms and safe affect. Path analysis revealed self-compassion as the only significant mediator on associations between early emotional memories, depressive symptoms and safe affect. Conclusions: Targeting shame memories directly is important, however the current study supports the added benefit of developing compassion competencies, and therefore developing the compassionate self, to reduce depressive symptoms and enhance safe positive affect.

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© Copyright 2019 Morressier GmbH.
All rights reserved.