Edson Ferreira de Carvalho
Worldwide, sustainable forest management became the most relevant forest policy goal. At the same time, it is brightly ambiguous goal as well. The challenge is to structure benchmarking approach in a way that all diverse aspects of this policy goal are covered and simultaneously the requirements of sharp scientific evaluation are satisfied. Differently from other approaches, the 3L-Model establishes a link between the Layer of politically relevant goals and the Layer of empirically feasible measurements through the Layer of theoretical frameworks. The vague policy formulations get more precise that way, resulting in the set of eight benchmarking criteria and 20 indicators, able to capture comprehensive performance of state forest institutions by using selected indicators on the empirical level. We apply the 3L- Model on the Brazilian state forest institutions and take the Forest Service (forest concessions) and the Ministry of Agriculture (plantation forestry) as examples. While doing that we rely on participatory observation, survey and documents for empirical evidence. The results show that Brazilian forest policy strives toward sustainable forest management, as an overall goal. In more particular, the performance of both examined institutions is more market than public demand oriented. At the same time, there are constrains in keeping forest stands sustained. Even both institutions are recognized as strong representatives of sustained wood yield coalition, the Brazilian land use conflicts ask more for a facilitator of all diverse interests in forests. Our study confirmed that the 3L- Model can well be applied also to the non-European countries after indicators are slightly adapted.
No datasets are available for this submission.