Biosphere reserves are designated to harmonize the relationships between humans and their environment in order to mitigate biodiversity loss which underpins ecosystem services and environmental sustainability. However, previous studies have shown an increasing decline in the availability of ecosystem services over the past few decades due to unsustainable use and management of forest resources. Though an urgent intervention program is needed for sustainable ecosystem services provision for the local communities, the translation of indigenous people’s perception of ecosystem services into actionable strategies is still lacking. This study aims to understand local people’s perception of ecosystem services that are of priority for their basic needs. Such understanding will help in focusing intervention programs to conserve the ecosystem services while conserving forest resources. To achieve this, empirical data will be collected using a face-to-face questionnaire survey. The questionnaire will be designed to collect information relating to socioeconomic, demographic, identification of ecosystem services, perception about ecosystem services in terms of importance and preferences, accessibility to ecosystem services, and willingness to conserve ecosystem services. Frequencies and multinomial logistic regression will be used to determine which ecosystem services are perceived as important and likely to be utilized in Omo biosphere reserve and other similar landscape. This study will help to understand direct users’ preferences which will facilitate policy-makers to respond to stakeholders’ priorities and better orient management of forest resources. Such orientation can help to improve indigenous peoples’ livelihood while contributing to the global sustainable development goals
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