Introduction: Humiliation is an emotion linked to suffering, leading to isolation and causing a harmful impact. This emotion may be related to other relevant concepts such as negative emotional experiences and emotion regulation processes. Objective. Explore the association between humiliation, shame, bullying experiences and self-compassion in adolescence. Investigate gender differences, and age effect. Compare the study variables in participants attending public schools and the ones in foster care. Analyse the set of variables that predicts humiliation. Method: The sample included 200 adolescents (91 boys and 109 girls, including 49 girls in foster care and 151 in public schools) with ages between 12 and 18 years old. Participants completed the Peer Relationships Questionnaire (PRQ), Humilation Inventory (HI), Others as Shamer (OAS) and Compassion Attributes and Actions Scales (CAAS). Results: Girls showed higher scores regarding humiliation and shame, as well as compassionate attributes and actions. Age was positively associated with humiliation. Participants in foster care revealed significantly higher scores in humiliation, shame, predisposition to provoke others and propensity to be victimized. They presented lower scores in compassion for others. Humiliation was positively associated with shame and tendency to being victimized. It showed a negative association with self-compassion actions. The humiliation predictor model included shame and the tendency to be victimized, explaining 63% of variance. Conclusions: A better understanding of humiliation and shame is presented, showing how these may be associated with interpersonal experiences. Particularly in adolescents in foster care it is relevant to address these variables in order to design psychological interventions that minimize their harmful impact.
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