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Feb 27, 2019

27th European Congress of Psychiatry

05 - INTERPERSONAL REACTIVITY INDEX ADOLESCENTS VERSION: FACTOR STRUCTURE AND PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES

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Abstract

Introduction: Empathy can be defined as one’s ability to understand and share the feelings of another. It is a multi-faceted construct and the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) is a widely used tool for its assessment. An IRI Portuguese version for adults is already available revealing good psychometric properties. Objectives: Adapt the IRI for adolescents and explore its factor structure and psychometric characteristics. Study the association between the IRI and other types of positive affect and psychopathological symptomatology. Method: A sample of 201 adolescents, 82 boys and 119 girls, with ages between 11 and 18 years old, attending the 7th to 12th years of schooling completed the following self-report instruments: The IRI, the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales (DASS-21), and the Types of Positive Affect Scale (TPAS). Results: The IRI adolescents’ version showed a four factor structure: Personal Distress (α = .67), Fantasy (α = .81), Perspective Taking (α = .77), and Empathic Concern (α = .54). Gender differences were found (p < .050), with girls showing higher scores in all dimensions. Age showed a weak positive association only with the Perspective Taking dimension. The Personal Distress dimension was positively associated with anxiety, depression and stress symptoms, showing no association with the types of positive affect. The Perspective Taking, Fantasy and Empathic Concern revealed low positive associations with positive affects and negative effects with depressive symptoms. Conclusions: This study allowed the availability of a reliable and useful self-report instrument for the assessment of empathy in adolescents, which can be used in clinical, educational and research contexts.

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© Copyright 2019 Morressier GmbH.
All rights reserved.