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Jun 23, 2018

MASCC/ISOO Annual Meeting on Supportive Care in Cancer

07 / SUPPORTIVE CARE NEEDS AND THEIR ASSOCIATIONS WITH PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING, ILLNESS BELIEFS AND QUALITY OF LIFE AMONG CANCER PATIENTS IN INDIA

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Chittem, M.;

Rowland, C.;

Jakkula, S.;

Tanikella, R.

psycho-oncology

supportive care needs

psychological well-being

quality of life

illness beliefs

Abstract

Abstract

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Keywords

psycho-oncology

supportive care needs

psychological well-being

quality of life

illness beliefs

Abstract

Introduction: Residual unmet needs can impact negatively on patients’ well-being and life experiences. Assessing patients’ needs offers a direct measure of their support preferences and also helps identify gaps in service provision. Objectives: To examine patients’ supportive care needs and associations between these and psychological distress, symptom experience, illness perceptions and quality of life (QoL) among cancer patients in India. Methods: Patients (N=522) were recruited from cancer hospitals in Hyderabad, India and were interviewed using a structured, closed questions survey on one occasion. Using validated scales, patients were asked about their supportive care needs, anxiety and depression, symptoms, illness perceptions, and quality of life (QoL). Results: Most participants had unmet needs (80.3%) with only 1.9% reporting no needs and this did not differ by diagnosis or treatment status. Those with unmet needs were significantly younger and had fewer children than those with satisfied needs (p’s <0.05). Patients with unmet needs were significantly more anxious (p=.02) and depressed (p<.001) than those who were satisfied, they also had greater physical and psychological symptoms (p’s<.001) and a more negative perception of their illness (p<.001). Furthermore, overall QoL (p<.01) and QoL across all domains (p’s<.001) was significantly lower for patients with unmet needs. Logistic regression analysis is underway to explore these associations further. Conclusions: Patients with unmet needs had higher levels of psychological distress, more physical and psychological symptoms, negative illness beliefs and lower QoL. These findings suggest that patients may benefit from psycho-oncology services. Further, future research can examine the impact of these psycho-oncological services on patients' well-being.

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© Copyright 2019 Morressier GmbH.
All rights reserved.