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07 - Threats and Mitigation to Macrofungi (Mushroom) Conservation in the Mount Cameroon Region, Central Africa

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XXV IUFRO WORLD CONGRESS

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Abstract

Mount Cameroon is found in the South West Region of Cameroon and is diverse with macrofungi species which have socio-economic functions as food and medicine, and also play essential roles in ecosystem functioning such as in decomposition and forming mycorrhizae association. Inhabitants of this region depend on the forest for their livelihood. This study was carried out for 2 years to assess the threats to macrofungi conservation in the mount Cameroon Region and provide solutions to the communities for mitigation. Interviews, questionnaires and focus group discussions were carried out in ten communities living around the Mount Cameroon forest reserves. The major reasons accounted for threats to macrofungi were habitat degradation due to landslides and volcanic eruptions, climate change, over harvesting of some edible and medicinal mushrooms, deforestation for farmlands by the locals and oil palm cultivation by multinational companies, settlement expansion due to urbanization and fire outbreaks by the local communities around Mount Cameroon region. It was found that, though there are laws and policies on biodiversity conservation in Cameroon, these laws are not being implemented with regards to fungi conservation and this can expose fungi to the risk of extinction. Solutions proposed and carried out for mitigation were implementation of in situ conservation methods, cultivation of the over harvested species on local substrates with the communities and planting of fast growing leguminous trees for multipurpose usage to limit deforestation. The government was encouraged to enact and implement laws regarding the conservation of fungi.

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© Copyright 2020 Morressier GmbH.
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