There is a growing interest in research aimed at better understanding the disease status or predicting the prognosis of patients with simple blood tests associated with systemic inflammation. The Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR), Lymphocyte-Monocyte Ratio (LMR), Platelet-Lymphocyte Ratio (PLR), and Mean Platelet Volume (MPV) can be used as factors to determine the prognosis of patients in various clinical situations. However, reference values for these attributes based on large, healthy populations have yet to be determined.
From January 2014 to December 2016, data from routine blood analyses were collected from healthy patients in the checkup center of a tertiary hospital in Seoul, South Korea. Retrospective data review was then performed on an electronic medical record system. Data were treated anonymously as only age, gender, BMI, medical history including cancer diagnosis, medications, and smoking status were considered. After the initial screen, we had a collection of 12,160 samples from patients without any medical history, including cancer treatment. This patient pool consisted of 6,268 (51.5%, median age 47 years) and 5,892 (48.5%, median age 46 years) male and female patients, respectively. The mean NLR across all ages was 1.65 (0.79), and the values for men and women were 1.63 (0.76) and 1.66 (0.82), respectively. The mean LMR, PLR, and MPV were 5.31 (1.68), 132.40 (43.68), and 10.02 (0.79), respectively. This study provides preliminary reference data on LMR, PLR, and MPV from different age and gender groups in South Korea. The results suggest that different cutoff values should be applied to the various patient populations.