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Oct 31, 2018

7th Congress of the European Academy of Paediatric Societies

1089 - PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEMS AMONG OMANI YOUNG PEOPLE AND RELIABILITY TESTING OF THE SELF-REPORTED STRENGTH AND DIFFICULTIES QUESTIONNAIRE (SDQ-S)

physcology

pediatrics

omani

youth

behavioral

problems

Abstract

Abstract

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Keywords

physcology

pediatrics

omani

youth

behavioral

problems

Abstract

Behavioral Problems among Omani young people and reliability testing of a self-reported version of SDQ Introduction: Psychological and psychiatric problems among children and adolescents are evolving and if not addressed it might lead to adult mental health problems 1&2. Studies about mental health in Omani children and young people are very scanty. The published community studies on behavioral and emotional problems among Omani children looked at predictive factors for mental health problems among young school children and the length of time before seeking help among adolescent 3&4. These two studies showed the prevalence of specific psychological problems rather than overall mental health problems. The main aim of this study is to explore the total difficulties (psychological problems) among Omani young people and to test the reliability of the self-reported version of the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ-S). SDQ is a short, simple, and client-friendly psychometric scale that has been shown to be reliable across the globe including Arab countries 5-11. SDQ can be used to measure overall difficulties as well as specific behavioral and emotional disorder (emotional, conduct disorder, hyperactivity, and in-attention problems) full details are found in the SDQ website 5. Reliability was tested for the total difficulties score only. Method: 442 students (203 female) from five different schools completed the self-reported version of SDQ. Only 377 students answered all questions necessary to calculate the total difficulties score (T-SDQ score) and hence analysis was carried out on 377 students’ data. Cronbach’s alpha used to check the reliability of SDQ. Results: SDQ-S shown to be reliable (cronbach alpha = 0.73). The total difficulties score for the whole sample was 11.9± (5.3). Using the categorization of (UK) the country of origin of SDQ we found: 78% had a normal score, 14% were borderline and 9% had an abnormal score. T-SDQ score for boys (11.2±5.2) was significantly lower than mean T-SDQ score for girls (12.5±5.3), t (375)= -2.37, P< 0.05, 95% CI (-2.35, -0.22). This means that girls have more psychological problems than boys. Conclusion: 9% of Omani young people have some form of psychological problems. The mean score of T-SDQ was 11.9+5 which is comparable to literature. Girls showed significantly more difficulties than boys and this is different from literature where boys have more significant psychological difficulties in a community sample (Goodman 1998). Reference: CrowleyT.J., Mikulich S.K., Mac Donald M, Young S.E., Zerbe Go. Substance dependent, conduct disordered adolescent males: severity of diagnosis predicts 2-years outcome. Drug & Alcohol Dependence 49 (3), 225-237, 1998. Al Sharbati M. Profile of child and adolescent psychiatry in Oman. Saudi Med J 2003; vol. 24 (4): 391-395. Al Said T, Hamilton I.S, Birdsey N. Prevalence of Behavioural and Emotional Problems among Omani children as predicted by some demographic variables. Journal of Educational and Psychological Studies 2014; Vol. 8 (4): 587-595. Al Riyami A.A., Al Adawi S.H., Al Kharousi H. A., Morsi M.M., Jaju S.S. Health Services Utilization by school going Omani adolescents and youths with DSM IV mental disorders and barriers to service use. InternationalJournal of Mental Health System 2009, 3:22. Available from: http//www.ijmhs.com/content/3/1/22. doi: 10.1186/1752-4458-3-22. www.sdqinfo.com. Thabet, A. A., Stretch, D., & Vostanis, P. (2000). Child Mental Health Problems in Arab Children: Application of the Strengths and Difficulties. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 46(4), 266-280. Koskelainen, M., Sourander, A., & Kaljonen, A. (2001b). The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire among Finnish school-aged children and adolescents. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 9, 277-284. Mathai, J., Anderson, P., & Bourne, A. (2002). The Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) as a screening measure prior to admission to a Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service (CAMHS). Australian e-Journal for the Advancement of Mental Health (AeJAMH). 1(3), 1446-7984. Mullick, M. S. I., & Goodman, R. (2001). Questionnaire screening for mental health problems in Bangladeshi children: a preliminary study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology., 36, 94-99. Goodman, R., Ford, T., Simmons, H., Gatward, R., & Meltzer, H. (2000). Using the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) to screen for child psychiatric disorders in a community sample. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 177, 5

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All rights reserved.