The purpose of the study is to evaluate the retention of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Quality (CPRQ) and compliance of International Guidelines in Resuscitation in Spanish nursing students.
Descriptive, observational, longitudinal and prospective study. Students were trained during 8 hours following the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) recommendations. The CPRQ skills and the compliance of International Guides were evaluated in two phases through individual practice exams of 10 minutes duration. Between the first phase (after training) and the second phase (nine months later), students did not receive any other training in CPR. 120 students of the "Emergency management" course of the University of Girona (UdG) composed the sample. The data collection instruments were a questionnaire and a high-fidelity manikin simulator. For statistical analysis it was used chi-square test, the Anova, Student's t test and Pearson correlation.
During the first phase 90.8% of students performed correctly full sequence of international guidelines. However, after nine months, in the second phase, it only made it 69.7%. The steps that achieved better results in the second phase were the assessment of consciousness (93.1%) and the assessment of breath (89.1%). The CPRQ was worse in the second phase going from 76.19% to 59.67% of the total score. Sex was related with depth of compression, compression rate and release right after chest compression. High compression rates were negatively associated with the level of depth compression achieved. As well as a greater depth was negatively associated with the release of chest after each compression.
In conclusion, a decrease in CPRQ and compliance in International Guidelines are shown after nine months of initial training. For this reason it is recommended to increase the frequency to reduce the time interval between courses.