Medical errors are a reality for Emergency Medical Technicians (EMT’s) working in pre hospital high-stress environment. A “medical error” can be defined as a mistake or system failure which results in improper care of patient injury. The aim of our work is to study the frequency, severity, types and causes of medical errors committed by Abu Dhabi Police Ambulance (ADPA) crews, and how to prevent these errors. Our study is retrospective. All the data was collected using the Electronic Patient Care Report (EPCR) of all the patient treated and transported by ADPA crew from January to October 2018. After the EPCR auditing and monitoring, the medical errors were identified and discussed by a medical committee. The total number of studied EPCR (trauma and medical cases) was 36.000. The medical errors identified were 265 cases (0.74%), 134 cases (51%) were moderate (can cause side effects), 115 cases (43%) were minor, and 16 cases (6%) were critical (can lead to death). The most common type of medical errors was cognitive errors. The causes were skill-based errors 27 times (10%) with 16 Intra venous failures, 10 Intra Osseous failures, and one dislodge endo tracheal tube after an oro tracheal intubation. The rule- based errors were committed five times (2%) when the Paramedics did not follow ACLS Algorithm, three times shockable cardiac arrest and two times Pulseless Electrical Activity. The knowledge-based errors were drug indication’s errors five times (2%). The three EMT’s levels in ADPA (Basic, Intermediate, and advanced) committed medical errors. The question we need to ask is not who made the mistake, but why the mistake was made? Preventing ADPA crew errors requires a system approach to modify the conditions that contribute to errors. Our strategies are developing more awareness of cognitive errors by education and incorporating simulation into training.
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