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Feb 27, 2019

27th European Congress of Psychiatry

AMBIVALENT AND HOSTILE AGEISM

;

Daniel;

F.;

Massano Cardoso;

I.;

Galhardo;

A.;

Barroso;

I.

Abstract

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Abstract

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Abstract

Introduction: According to the World Health Organization, ageism corresponds to the stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination against people based on age. Benevolent and hostile attitudes towards individuals on the basis of their age are experienced by older people in multiple societies. Objective: Assess ageism and explore whether there is a relationship between this construct and age, as well the role of health status perceptions in that relationship. Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a sample of 356 participants (135 males and 221 females), with a mean age of 53.51 years old (SD = 20.27). Participants completed the Ambivalent Ageism Scale (AAS) and a multidimensional social resource, physical and emotional health questionnaire. Results: Mean scores of the different subscale items ranged from 2.50 ± 2.21 and 6.84 ± 0.58. These results were significantly higher than the ones reported in the original version of the AAS (p ≤ .003). Age was positively correlated with 9 items [6 benevolent (items, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9) and 3 hostile (items 10, 12 and 13)]. Results also showed that participants presenting better health perceptions are the ones showing higher levels of ageism. Conclusions: The differences found between our results and those of the AAS original study may be explained by characteristics (education, rural area, cultural issues, etc.) which may impact on ageism definition (the way people perceive the construct). Therefore, it is important to enhance a better understanding of this construct in order to decrease the harmful effects of hostile and benevolent ageism.

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© Copyright 2019 Morressier GmbH.
All rights reserved.