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Aug 14, 2019

WCP-2019

Child maltreatment, psychological, mental problems and substance use experienced by adolescents in conflict with the law: sons of substance users.

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adolescent

child abuse

child maltreatment

substance-related disorders

parenting

juvenile delinquency

Abstract

Abstract

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Keywords

adolescent

child abuse

child maltreatment

substance-related disorders

parenting

juvenile delinquency

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the associations between having parents with drug-related problems and having suffered neglect in family care and emotional and behavioral problems (psychological and drug use) experienced by adolescents in assisted freedom in compliance with socio-educational measures. Background: Several studies highlight the role of the family as a protective factor or risk for psychoactive substance use by teenagers. Parents and dysfunctional families, related to family conflicts, emotional neglect and care, drug use by parents, violent practices and experiences, among others, interfere in the confrontation of problems for adolescents, in social skills, as well as in decision making by them. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study with 150 adolescents (12 to 17 years old) who fulfilled socio educational measures in assisted care. The Drug Abuse Screening Test, Teen Addiction Severity Index and Childhood Trauma Questionnaire were used. Results and Conclusions: Three out of 10 adolescents who fulfilled socio education measures on parental leave had a parent of alcohol and/or other drugs and were victims of neglect in family care; 22% endorsed criteria for disorders such as severe depression and problems in controlling violent behavior; half had anxiety (52%) and 46% difficulties in comprehension, concentration or memory, whereas 24.6% showed signs of hallucinations.Dysfunctional behavior (substance use and family neglect) by parents and child abuse were strongly associated. The findings of the study have implications for the implementation of inter-sectoral actions integrated between social assistance, health and justice.

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© Copyright 2019 Morressier GmbH.
All rights reserved.