Surgery is a new reality that causes profound changes in the life of each individual and nurses should assist clients in overcoming this transition phase, including through health education, by empowering them and helping them acquire coping strategies.
Thus, it’s proposed to conduct a study as an action research, in 4 phases: diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation, whose main objective is to implement a preoperative nursing consultation to clients who will undergo elective surgery.
In the diagnostic phase, the semi-structured interview technique will be used for clients who have already undergone general scheduled surgery and for nurses in general surgery and operative room. In the planning phase, it is intended to structure a preoperative nursing consultation based on the literature review and the data collected in the previous phase. This structure will be submitted to a panel of experts, to construct a final model by the consensus technique. After, a guideline will be developed for the consultation and training will be given to the nurses who will participate in the next phase of implementation. Finally, the objective of the last phase is to evaluate the impact of the preoperative nursing consultation, through the evaluation of anxiety’s levels and the level of preoperative information/education, before and after the planned intervention. The level of anxiety will be measured through the Spielberger Trait-State Anxiety Inventory, and the level of information will be measured through a Preoperative Information Scale. To systematize the evaluation of the intervention, it’s proposed a debriefing meeting with the team of nurses who participated in the implementation of the consultation.
The aim of this research is to contribute to the improvement of the nursing care provided to the surgical client in the preoperative period. The expected results are the reduction of their anxiety levels and satisfaction of their information needs.