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Sep 22, 2017

Resuscitation 2017

A cross-sectional survey examining cardiopulmonary resuscitation training in households with heart disease.

;

Judith Finn;

Karen Smith;

Lahn Straney;

Dion Stub;

Janet Bray

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Abstract

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Abstract

Background and objective: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and disability internationally- most commonly in the form of heart disease. As patients with heart disease are at risk of repeat events, including cardiac arrest, family members should be trained in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The aims of this study were to describe CPR training rates in households with heart disease, and to examine if prior training increases knowledge, confidence and willingness to perform CPR. Methods: A cross-sectional, telephone survey was conducted with adults residing Australian state of Victoria. The survey comprised of four sections: participant demographics, CPR knowledge, CPR training status and willingness to perform CPR on different individuals (family member ranging to stranger). Results: Of the 404 respondents who completed the survey, 78 (19.3%) reported the presence of heart disease in their household. In households with heart disease, prevalence of past CPR training was 67.9%, although only 28.3% had received training in the last 12 months and 52.6% were aware of compression-only CPR. Although not statistically significant, households with heart disease rated knowledge and confidence to perform CPR lower than households without heart disease. In households with heart disease, those with CPR training had higher self-ratings of CPR knowledge (p = 0.003) and confidence (p = 0.02) in ability to perform CPR when compared to those with no training. Overall, willingness to commence CPR was higher in those with CPR training, although this decreased as the relationship between the proposed victim and the respondent became more distant. Conclusions: While a large proportion of Victorians with heart disease in their household have received prior CPR training, training was not recent for the majority. Methods of targeting CPR training to high-risk households who have a member with heart disease should be investigated, as knowledge and confidence in skills are increased.

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© Copyright 2019 Morressier GmbH.
All rights reserved.