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Mar 15, 2019

27th European Congress of Psychiatry

EATING DISORDERS AND ALEXITHYMIA IN COLLEGE STUDENTS

;

Guermazi;

F.;

Lajmi;

I.;

Baati;

I.;

Sellami;

R.;

Moalla;

M.;

Feki;

I.;

Masmoudi;

J.

Eating disorders

alexithymia

student

Abstract

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Abstract

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Keywords

Eating disorders

alexithymia

student

Abstract

Background: Researches on troubles of emotional control in addictions, such as the eating disorders (ED) have mainly focused their attention on alexithymia concept, defined by Sifneos as a deficit in emotion processing. Aims: To estimate prevalence rate of alexithymia and ED. to explore the relationships between alexithymia and ED in college students. Methods: College students, via Facebook, were recruited online, during the first half of February 2018, to participate in an online survey on ED. We used an anonymous self –questionnaire composed of 57 items designed to record some sociodemographic and clinical data. The screening of ED was made thanks to the Test Eating Attitudes (EAT-26). Alexithymia was evaluated by the Toronto Alexithymia Scale, (TAS-20). Results: The mean age of students was 17 years. In terms of gender distribution, 57.1% of the sample was girls. Body mass index average was 21.21. The frequency of alexithymics was 40.5% with a mean score of 60.02. The frequency of students with potential ED was 33.3% with a mean score of 15.71. This prevalence of ED is higher among girls than boys (37.5% vs 27.8%, p =0.508). The prevalence of potential ED in the alexithymics (47.1%) was significantly higher than that in the non-alexithymics (24%). The TAS-20 scores were significantly correlated to the presence of ED (p = 0.026). The EAT-26 scores was significantly correlated to the Externally-Oriented Thinking subscale of theTAS-20 (p=0.001). Conclusion: Our study emphasizes the relationship between alexithymia and disorder of eating behavior among college students showing the difficulty in discriminating between feelings and physical sensations.

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© Copyright 2019 Morressier GmbH.
All rights reserved.