We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website Learn more

Oct 1, 2018

11th World Stroke Congress

The Efficacy of Mirror Therapy for Improving Balance and Gait Post-Stroke: A Systematic Review

;

mirror therapy

gait

stroke

systematic review

lower extremity

Abstract

Abstract

thumbnail

Keywords

mirror therapy

gait

stroke

systematic review

lower extremity

Abstract

Background: Mirror therapy is less commonly used to target the lower extremity after stroke to improve outcomes but is simple to perform. This review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the efficacy of lower extremity mirror therapy in improving balance, gait, and motor function for individuals with stroke. Methods: PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, PEDro, and PsychINFO were searched from inception to May 2018 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing lower extremity mirror therapy to a control intervention for people with stroke. Pooled effects were determined by separate meta-analyses of gait speed, mobility, balance, and motor recovery. Results: Seventeen RCTs involving 633 participants were included. Thirteen studies reported a significant between-group difference favouring mirror therapy in at least one lower extremity outcome. In a meta-analysis of six trials that reported change in gait speed, a large beneficial effect was observed following mirror therapy training (SMD = 1.04 [95% CI = 0.43, 1.66], I2 = 73%, p<0.001). Lower extremity mirror therapy also had a positive effect on mobility (5 studies, SMD = 0.46 [95% CI = 0.01, 0.90], I2 = 43%, p = 0.05) and motor recovery (7 studies, SMD = 0.47 [95% CI = 0.21, 0.74], I2 = 0%, p<0.001). A significant pooled effect was not found for balance capacity. Conclusions: Mirror therapy for the lower extremity has a large effect for gait speed improvement. This review also found a small positive effect of mirror therapy for mobility and lower extremity motor recovery after stroke.

Discover over 20,000 new abstracts, posters and presentations from leading academic conferences every month. Stay on top of the latest findings, methodologies and discussions happening in your research field around the world.

Company

Legal

Follow us

© Copyright 2019 Morressier GmbH. All rights reserved.

© Copyright 2019 Morressier GmbH.
All rights reserved.