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Apr 10, 2019

WADEM Congress on Disaster and Emergency Medicine 2019

Exploring the Utilization of Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) Known as Drones in Early Phase Disaster Response

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Drone

UAV

Unmanned

Abstract

Abstract

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Keywords

Drone

UAV

Unmanned

Abstract

Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (sUAV, aka “small drones”) are becoming more and more prevalent in film production, industry, agriculture, recreation, and search and rescue applications. This technology is incredibly powerful with GPS control, flight stabilization, sensor payload, and ease of use. Range is 1 km to 3 km radius for multirotor or further for small fixed wing and flight times can be from 20 min to over an hour. Furthermore, the price for one of these units is around US$1500-US$20000, and many can fit in a backpack. The concept of our interest: equip early response teams with a small drone (or a few drones), piloted by one of the on-site team members via common radio control, allowing them to quickly survey a disaster damaged area acquiring a great deal of information without jeopardizing rescue personnel or more expensive full-scale aircraft in the process. Information they could acquire includes discovery of stranded persons, ingress/egress routes, helicopter landing zones, presence of hazardous materials. Another application could be delivery of small packages (e.g. medications, 2-way radio for comm with stranded parties, energy rich food packets, iodine for water purification). The potential value seems enormous but questions to be explored include: portability; reliability of use in potential navigation technology (GPS/GLONASS/cell tower), degraded setting and/or inclement weather conditions; frequency battery tolerance and recharging options; reliable data review and reconciliation in the field; cost/benefit/savings of earlier and safer deployment of search and rescue, and, ultimately, is time-to-rescue improved over current practices.

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© Copyright 2019 Morressier GmbH. All rights reserved.

© Copyright 2019 Morressier GmbH.
All rights reserved.