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Aug 6, 2019

WCP-2019

GENDER DIFFERENCES IN SCHIZOPHRENIA: ON THE ROLE OF GENDER MATURATION IN ADJUSTMENT TO ILLNESS

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schizophrenia

gender differences

gender identity

Abstract

Abstract

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Keywords

schizophrenia

gender differences

gender identity

Abstract

Objectives: This research aimed to compare males and females on their gender identity maturation, and its relationship with adaptation to disease (schizophrenia) conditions. Background: The investigation of gender differences in schizophrenia is expanded beyond a dichotomous comparison of "male" and "female" sex differences. Gender differences in schizophrenia can be caused both by the disease process itself, and by differences in gender-specific behavioural patterns with the poorer social course of schizophrenia in men than in women. Materials and Methods: Ten men (age 38,5±8,6) and ten women (age 41,6±10,5) who had suffered from a schizophrenia were included in this study. Participants completed a number of assessments, including The Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI), The Draw-A-Person Test (Machover, 1949), and The Ways of Coping Questionnaire (WCQ). In addition, a semi-structured interview was conducted to elicit information related to adjustment to mental illness, and questions were asked about the participant’s beliefs about their condition and illness representations. Results and Conclusions: Results on both tests (BSRI, and Draw-A-Person Test) differed significantly for the two groups. Results showed that men were less likely to develop mature gender identity. The findings partially support suggestions regarding the poorer social course of schizophrenia in men than in women. Women with schizophrenia have a more differentiated and mature gender identity compared to men, as well as more effective behavioural patterns associated with adjustment to illness. The clinical implications of these findings are discussed regarding current practice and future trends in psychological treatment of psychosis.

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© Copyright 2019 Morressier GmbH.
All rights reserved.