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Sep 30, 2018

7th Congress of the European Academy of Paediatric Societies

СLINICAL AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MOST COMMON ALLERGIC DISEASES: THE ANALYSIS OF THE DATA FROM KYIV REGION OF UKRAINE

asthma

allergic disease

rhinitis

eczema

Abstract

Abstract

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Keywords

asthma

allergic disease

rhinitis

eczema

Abstract

СLINICAL AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MOST COMMON ALLERGIC DISEASES: THE ANALYSIS OF THE DATA FROM KYIV REGION OF UKRAINE Background and Aims Allergic diseases (AD)(asthma, rhinitis, eczema) represent current crippling or life-threatening conditions and are a cause of worldwide concern. To determine the prevalence of allergy symptoms in children and examine the modern level of AD diagnostics in Ukraine on the example of Kyiv region.Method 1011 children in Groups: I – 305 (1 month-4 years), II – 254 (6-7 years), III – 254 (13-14 years), IV – 198 (15-17 years). Results Boys 49,7% (502/1011), girls 50,3% (509/1011). The wheezing during life and within last 12 months was observed in Groups: I – 31,8% (97/305) and 22,9% (70/305) respectively; II – 29,9% (76/254) and 16,1% (41/254); III – 29,9% (76/254) and 11,8% (30/254), IV – 17,1% (34/198) and 4,05% (8/198). According to questionnaire data, no asthma was diagnosed in Group I, 0,4% (1/254) in Group II, 3,9% (10/254) in Group III and 1,5% (3/198) in Group IV. The prevalence of rhinitis symptoms in Groups: I – 20,0% (61/305), II – 22% (56,254), III – 30,3% (77/254) and IV (32,8% 65/198). The rhinitis diagnostics level in Groups: I – 12,4% (38,105), II – 18,9% (48/254), III – 16,1% (41/254), IV – 20,7% (41/198). The prevalence of eczema symptoms in Groups: I – 11,1% (34/305), II – 11,0% (28/254), III – 7,1% (18/254), IV – 8,6% (17/198). The eczema was diagnosed in Groups: I – 14,4% (44/305), II – 12,2% (31/254), III – 5,9% (15/254), IV – 7,1% (14/198). Conclusion The level of diagnostics of AD, particularly asthma, remains low in Ukraine, especially in children under 4 years.

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All rights reserved.