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Mar 20, 2019

27th European Congress of Psychiatry

METHODOLOGY OF PSYCHOLOGICAL SYNDROME ANALYSIS (VYGOTSKY-LURIA SCHOOL) AND BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL MODEL OF HEALTH AND DISEASE: PROSPECTS FOR MUTUALLY ENRICHING RELATIONSHIPS

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Biopsychosocial Model of Health and Disease

Vygotsky-Luria School

Cultural Historical Concept

Psychological Syndrome Analysis

Abstract

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Abstract

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Keywords

Biopsychosocial Model of Health and Disease

Vygotsky-Luria School

Cultural Historical Concept

Psychological Syndrome Analysis

Abstract

Background and Aims: The Biopsychosocial model (Engel, 1977) has been seen as a powerful theoretical basis of clinical and health psychology, and psychosomatic medicine. It is acceptable to assume that the basic theoretical and methodological developments of the Psychological Syndrome Analysis (PSA) concept (Vygotsky-Luria School) can contribute to the operationalization of the Biopsychosocial model and further uncover its creative potential. The purpose of this research was to demonstrate methodological readiness of the concept of PSA to go in tune with Biopsychosocial model. Methods: The main method of presented research was methodological reflection upon main points of G. Engel’s biopsychosocial model and scientific legacy of L. Vygotsky and A. Luria. Results: PSA embrace the idea of a syndrome as a structure shaped by a constellation of causally-related, multilevel symptoms (Vygotsky, 1934; Luria, 1972). Our results argue that main provisions of the PSA concept correspond to the principles of postnonclassical model of scientific rationality.The PSA concept is highly efficient at the current state of the evolution of science due to the potential of the new methodological context of the Postnonclassical model of rationality and a comprehensive character of Cultural historical concept proposed by L.S. Vygotsky and A.R. Luria regarding the person and his/her mind as a self-developing open systems. Using these methodological principles we described the psychosomatic syndromes in patients with mitral valve prolapse and in patients with stress-induced hypertension (Zinchenko, Pervichko, 2014, 2016; Pervichko, 2016). Conclusions: The PSA concept go in tune with Biopsychosocial model and personalized care models. This opens up prospects for mutually enriching relationships.

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© Copyright 2019 Morressier GmbH.
All rights reserved.