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Mar 11, 2019

13th World Congress on Brain Injury

Remember Me! An Educational Intervention for Individuals with Brain Injury and Memory Loss

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Intervention

Memory Loss

Brain Injury

Abstract

Abstract

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Keywords

Intervention

Memory Loss

Brain Injury

Abstract

Background and Aims It is well established that memory impairments are a significant problem for individuals with brain injuries. According to the OBIA Impact Report (2012), 63% reported having retrograde amnesia as a result of the injury, and 85% reported having anterograde amnesia following brain injury. These issues have a significant negative impact on their overall daily functioning. The purpose of this study was to develop an educational intervention for our clients living with brain injury that would help individuals understand their memory difficulties, and in potentially help improve quality of life, as measured by depression and anxiety questionnaires. Methods In partnership with the Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation (ONF), we adapted Baycrest’s Memory and Aging Program (MAP) curriculum specifically for individuals with brain injuries. The original MAP curriculum was designed for healthy normal aging adults (seniors), whereas our target audience was individuals living with brain injury. Edits consisted mainly of reorganizing the material so it would be easier for our clients to understand and retain, and adding in content relevant for individuals with brain injury. In this program, education was provided regarding factors affecting memory, process of memory, as well as strategies to improve memory deficits. The curriculum consisted of ten weekly sessions. Our pilot group consisted of a total of N=13. We measured our success by admistering three questionnaires before and after the intervention. These questionnaires included a knowledge test, GAD-7 (anxiety questionnaire), and PHQ-9 (depression questionnaire). Results Preliminary results showed significant changes in knowledge baseline before and after the group (p<0.001), from 3.56 (+/-3.89) to 21.25 (+/- 4.87) (N=13). Results from our depression measure (PHQ-9) was also significant (p<0.05), with a pretest score of 8.92 (+/-8.09) and a posttest score of 6.08(+/-6.63) (N=13). Preliminary results show that 100% of the participants would recommend this group to others and found the information valuable. Conclusions The memory group provided helpful strategies and lifestyle changes to improve memory deficits, increased insights to their memory impairments and assisted in decreasing their levels of depression. Further work will focus on determining if these results extend to a larger population, and if the benefits gained persist at 6 months’ follow-up.

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© Copyright 2019 Morressier GmbH.
All rights reserved.