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Aug 14, 2019

WCP-2019

Stigma in Mental Illness: Evidences and Strategies

stigma

stigma in mental health

self-stigma reduction program.

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stigma

stigma in mental health

self-stigma reduction program.

Abstract

Stigma in Mental Illness: Evidences and Strategies Authors: Elsa Reis1, Lígia Castanheira1, Custódio Rodrigues1, Tânia Cavaco1, João Rema1, Rodrigo Santos1, Maria João Gonçalves1 1- Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte (CHLN), Lisbon, Portugal Objectives: Reflect about stigma in mental health. Review strategies focused on reducing stigma and their impact in patients’ outcomes. Background and aims: The concept of stigma refers to a set of negative attitudes and beliefs about certain subject. In mental health, patients deal with social stigma and self-stigma, which affects treatment adherence and prognosis. Therefore, there has been an increased interest in developing new interventions to diminish stigma. Materials and methods: Review of published literature (PubMed, Medline). Results: Several articles explored stigma as perceptions of dangerousness, criminality, shame and incompetency in individuals with mental illness. In general, people appear to hold positive attitudes toward seeking professional help, but it may vary by sociodemographic characteristics and previous experience. Older age and being female have been associated with positive attitudes toward treatments. Conclusions: Children with depression and adults with drug dependence were the most stigmatized groups. The use of psychoeducation to combat myths is common to all approaches. In addition, cognitive techniques that offers practice skills to identify and combat stigmatizing thoughts are central to many interventions, such as NECT (Narrative Enhancement and Cognitive Therapy), ESS (Ending Self-stigma) and Self-Stigma Reduction Program. Outcome and research is undoubtedly in their early stages, and further evaluation is needed to understand the potential of many programs.

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© Copyright 2019 Morressier GmbH.
All rights reserved.