To explore the prevalence of burnout among Thai psychiatrists and to study the association of possible factors and burnout levels.
Psychiatrist’s job itself could simply evoke burnout. Meanwhile, Thailand was among countries facing with increasing number of psychiatric patients, the number of Thai psychiatrists is still limited compared to the amount of workload. Accordingly, Thai psychiatrists are highly prone to burnout, and this could lead to many other mental health problems.
Materials and Methods:
In this cross-sectional study, online questionnaires were sent out to all registered Thai psychiatrists and residents via a closed social media group run by the Psychiatric Association of Thailand. We focused on four domains, i.e. demographic data, burnout (measured with the Maslach Burnout Inventory), coping mechanism (assessed with the Proactive Coping Inventory), and strategies which Thai psychiatrists believed could help reduce their burnout.
Results and Conclusions:
The response rate was 27% (n=227); 49.3% of them had a high level of emotional exhaustion, whereas 26.4% had a high level of depersonalization. However, most of the respondents (99.6%) still had a high level of personal accomplishment. While working more than 50 hours per week was associated with higher emotional exhaustion, having satisfaction with work and more support from families were associated with lower emotional exhaustion. Emotional support seeking was the coping mechanism related with lower emotional exhaustion.
Compared to a previous study on burnout among Thai psychiatrists in 2011, the prevalence of high level of burnout increased dramatically. Less working hours and emotional support may be beneficial in relieving burnout.