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Use of freshly extracted tooth as a bone graft on immediate implant placement

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EAO-2018

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Abstract

Background: Functional implant-supported oral rehabilitation is increasingly being whenever sufficient bone volume is available. The need for bone grafting to replace bone defects has become more prevalent recently. There are many bone graft options available for the surgeon each of which has spesific biological and mechanical properties. Autogenous bone is the type used most frequently in oral and maxillofacial surgery. It can be obtained from a host of sites in the body and can be taken in several forms. The tooth can be used for autogenous bone graft because of the larger number of living cells that are transplanted, the more osseous tissue that will be produced. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical usefulness of autogenous freshly extracted tooth graft for alveolar bone grafting during dental implant surgery. Material Method: Five patients (3 females and 2 males the mean age was 37.2±7.3 years) who were referred to our clinic for tooth extraction because of periodontitis. The patients requiring both tooth extraction and alveolar bone regeneration for dental implant placement were included the study. Their freshly extracted teeth (8 teeth) used as an autogenous bone graft after immediate implant (7 implants) placement were enrolled in the study. The autogenous bone grafts inserted between implants and alveolar bone defect. Results: A new bone tissue was seen on the grafting area after 6 months. All implants were osseointegrated and successful. None of implants had any complications ie infection or discomfort. Conclusion: Teeth after extraction can be a useful alternative as an autogenous bone graft materials for the immediate of alveolar bone defects to implant placement.

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© Copyright 2020 Morressier GmbH.
All rights reserved.