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May 2, 2019

Women Deliver 2019 Conference

Women-Centered Enhanced Homestead Food Production (EHFP) as a Means to Improve Food Security, Nutrition and Women’s Empowerment

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Women's Empowerment

Nutrition

Food Security

Abstract

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Abstract

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Keywords

Women's Empowerment

Nutrition

Food Security

Abstract

HKI’s Enhanced Homestead Food Production (EHFP) improves the nutrition and food security of vulnerable households by empowering women to exert more influence over household food production and use of income, as well as to influence the adoption of nutrition and hygiene behaviors in the household. Results from evaluation of previous HKI EHFP activities in Cambodia demonstrate increased availability of micronutrient-rich foods, increased dietary diversity and consumption, reduced night blindness and anemia among children and non-pregnant women compared to communities without EHFP . In the EHFP model, technical trainings designed to enable women to become producers are coupled with gender transformative sessions from HKI’s signature Nurturing Connections© curriculum. The curriculum engages all key decision-makers in the household and community in guided peer discussions to bring about more equitable and lasting social change. The integration of Nurturing Connections© in HKI’s EHFP model demonstrated an increase in women’s participation in decision-making within households. To measure outcomes related to multiple domains of empowerment, such as women’s ownership and self-efficacy amongst others, HKI-Cambodia is currently implementing a three-arm control trial of 156 clusters, consisting of one village model farm and ten households per cluster in the Tboung Khmum Province. Clusters were randomly assigned to one of three groups (i) EHFP + women-centered approach; (ii) EHFP- gender blind only; or (iii) control arm. The project started in December 2015, with a baseline study showing that (1) Only 39% of women participated in crop farming/ food processing, (2) Only 32% of women decisions on large household expenditures, and (3) 25% of respondents reported not having someone looking after their children. By the end of the project in November 2019, HKI expects to see a significant improvement in these areas of empowerment within the women-centered approach. While results will be available in late 2019, HKI has already started to collect qualitative monitoring data. A positive shift toward less harmful intra-household practices is already being observed, including support to women’s domestic tasks, improved spousal communication and more equitable negotiation processes.

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© Copyright 2019 Morressier GmbH.
All rights reserved.