04 - A systematic map of agroforestry research focusing on ecosystem services in the Asia-Pacific Region

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Abstract

Agroforestry is an intensive land management system through integration of trees into crop and animal farming. Agroforestry provides diverse ecosystem services by bridging the gap among agriculture, forestry and husbandry. In particular, agroforestry is a significant approach for improving environmental, economic and social benefits in the Asia-Pacific region. This research aims to examine the research trend of agroforestry focusing on ecosystem services in the Asia-Pacific region. Systematic mapping methodology was applied to this research. Analysis units are academic articles related to agroforestry practices in the Asia-Pacific region. The articles published within almost 50 years (1970-2018) were collected through the international specialized academic database, SCOPUS. The selected articles include various types of agroforestry including silvorable/agrosilviculture, silvopasture, forest farming and so on. Three types of ecosystem services captured in agroforestry were coded and mapped; 1) provisioning services, 2) regulating and supporting services, and 3) cultural services. Consequently, the results indicate the research focuses of agroforestry and their changes in the Asia-Pacific region. In particular, the ecosystem service related result implies social, environmental and economic approach to agroforestry. Therefore, this study helps us understand dominant research on ecosystem services of agroforestry in the Asia-Pacific Region and supports design of future research of agroforestry by presenting the historical changes and the current status of agroforestry research.